World Braille day is celebrated on 4th January each year. It marks the birthday of the inventor of the tactile code, Louis Braille. The day provides an opportunity to raise awareness of issues facing the blind and partially sighted, and to encourage the continued production
of materials in Braille. Louis created Braille at the age of 15 in 1824. He had been blinded in an accident at the age of 3. Braille is a series of bumps
Braille is a series of bumps and indentations on a page which represent letters and numbers. It is used for reading and writing by the blind and visually impaired. The code is arranged in
small rectangular blocks known as cells with raised dots in a 3 x2 pattern. Louis was inspired to create Braille after a visit to his school by the army captain Charles Barbier who demonstrated a military code known as night writing. Night writing was a series of dots and dashes which soldiers used to send and receive messages at night without speaking.
It wasn’t until 2 years after Louis’s death that Braille was adopted as the official communication system for blind people in France. It is now used on a global
scale and was officially recommended in the UK from 1870 by an organisation which
became the Royal National Institute of Blind People.